Shefali Chandra

​Associate Professor of History and of Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies (Affiliate)
PhD, University of Pennsylvania
BA, Mount Holyoke College
research interests:
  • Indian and South Asian Studies
  • Global Transnational and World History
  • Imperialism
  • Sexuality
  • Post-Colonial Studies

contact info:

mailing address:

  • CB 1062
  • ST. LOUIS, MO 63130-4899

Shefali Chandra's research and teaching interests coalesce around South Asia's relationship to globalization. She has become increasingly fascinated by India’s role in the Cold War.

For more information, visit Shefali Chandra's department profile.

The Sexual Life of English: Languages of Caste and Desire in Colonial India

The Sexual Life of English: Languages of Caste and Desire in Colonial India

In The Sexual Life of English, Shefali Chandra examines how English became an Indian language. She rejects the idea that English was fully formed before its life in India or that it was imposed from without. Rather, by drawing attention to sexuality and power, Chandra argues that the English language was produced through conflicts over caste, religion, and class. Sentiments and experiences of desire, respectability, conjugality, status, consumption, and fashion came together to create the Indian history of English. The language was shaped by the sexual experiences of Indians and by native attempts to discipline the normative sexual subject.

Focusing on the years between 1850 and 1930, Chandra scrutinizes the English-education project as Indians gained the power to direct it themselves. She delves into the history of schools, the composition of the student bodies, and disagreements about curricula; the way that English-educated subjects wrote about English; and debates in English and Marathi popular culture. Chandra shows how concerns over linguistic change were popularly voiced in a sexual idiom, how English and the vernacular were separated through the vocabulary of sexual difference, and how the demand for matrimony naturalized the social location of the English language.