Biblical Greek Resources
Resources--A select but by no
means exhaustive annotated list of web sites useful for students
of the Greek NT (Note: several links relating to more specific
content-oriented New Testament materials may be found on my NT/Early/Later
Middle, and Passive: Understanding Ancient Greek Voice This
is a 9-page introduction to how the different voices in ancient
Greek work; it is intended to give practical guidance based upon
principles set forth in the longer article indicated above, "New
Observations on Ancient Greek Voice."
Overview of the Ancient Greek Verb: it consists of a section
A that tabulates all the endings of the finite verb as well as
infinitives and participles, and a section B that catalogs the
six tense-systems in terms of roots and stems formed from those
roots and illustrates the linking of stems and endings by presenting
"synopses" of a particular person and number.
- Biblical Resources All-in-one Search Page Mark Goodacre's page from
which Biblical texts or information can be searched and opened
Home Page This site gives basic information
for the B-Greek e-mail discussion list which focuses strictly
on problems of grammar, syntax, or diction in NT or OT Greek
texts or on the Greek language of the NT or of the LXX form of
- B-Greek Info Page (Mailman):
This site is the current home base of the B-Greek e-mail discussion
list; one can join the list here in order to receive distributed
- B-Greek Archives (MailMan):
This site allows you to access the current postings to B-Greek
as well as those extending back into the later 1990's.
- B-Greek Archives This site
has archives of earlier postings before B-Greek moved to its
present site at Chapel Hill, NC, from before May 1998 all the
way back to the earlier 1990's.
- Bible: Morphologically-tagged Grk, Heb, Parallel texts:
This site has Greek and Hebrew texts
of the Old and New Testaments as well as a parallel version of
the Hebrew and Greek Old Testament, all morphologically tagged
for grammatical analysis.
Study Tools This site has a great
many resources, including a search for any Biblical passage in
a great variety of translations, lexical tools for Greek and
Hebrew, original texts in Greek (but you must download and install
the font into your system to read them), and several commentaries.
It does take some effort to learn to navigate through this site,
but it's worth it.
- Bible-Translation Home Page This
site contains a wealth of information and resources on philosophies
of Biblical translation and the many different versions currently
in print or accessible in many languages. It also provides an
entry for those interesting in joining the Bible-Translation
e-mail discussion list.
Archives This site houses the archives
of all messages distributed by the Bible-Translation e-mail discussion
- Biblica's Online Partial Edition - Index
Biblica is the journal of Biblical studies published
by the Pontifical Institute (at the Vatican); this site makes
accessible texts of articles published in the journal in recent
- Biblical Maps Mark Goodacre's
links to a variety of web-accessible maps useful for Biblical
- BST Interlinear Bible Greek
and Hebrew Interlinear texts of passages searched can be read
at the Bible Study Tools site noted above.
- BST Greek Lexicon A fairly
simple Greek lexicon for the Greek NT, keyed to Strong's numbers,
at the Bible Study Tools site listed above.
- Biblical Greek Resources (R. Decker) A very rich page of resources, many of them prepared
by Rod Decker himself for his seminary classes in Biblical Greek.
Studies on the Web Resources at the
Pontifical Biblical Institute (Vatican).
- Biblical Studies Resources 1 (Hivolda)
This gives access to Torrey Seland's site in
Norway and offers an overview of all the resources he has assembled
for many aspects of Biblical studies.
- Biblical Studies Resources 2 (Mundelein)
Another excellent overview of resources for Biblical
- Biblical Studies Resources 3 (Goodacre)
A thorough and well-organized catalogue of resources
for Biblical studies, particularly for the New Testament.
- Biblical Studies Resources 4 (Willker)
Another excellent overview of resources for Biblical
studies, including some pages on documents important especially
for Synoptic Gospels studies.
- Burton Moods & Tenses An
older but still very valuable grammar resource for the NT Greek
of Greek Phonology This is my own summary of some of the
chief phonological factors involved in Greek morphology and lexicology;
it is intended to render the memorization of apparently irregular
paradigms more intelligible, even if no less tedious to learn.
This PDF file is pages 63-75 of A Supplement to Reading Greek,
an unpublished book of materials originally prepared for my students
in Beginning Greek at Washington University. I am now in the
process of revising it as as "Supplement to Beginning Greek
Textbooks" for use with a variety of Classical Attic and
Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek: Introductory
materials: This is an extract from Robert W. Funk's 3-volume
textbook of Koine greek, first published in 1973 and long out
of print. The materials here extracted set forth the rationale
of Funk's method and sketch the linguistic framework on which
the textbook and teaching program are organized. I have long
thought that these are the principles that ought to govern the
teaching and learning of ancient Greek at any level, whether
Homeric, Classical Attic, or Koine.
- German NT Resources W.
Willker's listing of resources in German, many overlapping those
cited above as "Biblical Studies Resources 4."
Institute Producers of major Bible
study resources on CD-ROM for both Windows ("Gramcord")
and Macintosh ("AcCordance") platforms. Downloadable
samples of what is available, including Greek NT and Hebrew OT
modules as well as ancillary resources such as dictionaries and
- Greek NT (Fowler) A text
of the Greek NT that can be read at the site if one has the Greek
fonts installed in one's system.
- Greek NT Editions Vincent
Broman's links to just about all forms of the NT Greek text that
can be accessed on the Internet.
- Greek NT Links (Stephen Cox)
More links to resources for study of the Greek NT.
- Greek NT Notes Peter Misselbrook's
notes for classes reading the Greek New Testament in small increments
(about 25 verses at a time); the segments are downloadable Microsoft
Word (Windows 95 or 6.0) files that can be read with a downloadable
Greek font available at this site.
- International Standard
Version Another of the very recent
new Biblical versions in English.
- Into the New Testament
Good online introduction to the skills involved in reading and
exegesis of original-language Biblical Texts.
A listing that I've drawn up from the vocabulary of Mounce's
Basics of Biblical Greek, indicating frequency in the
GNT, basic English meanings, principal parts, form(s) of the
simple root of the verb, and some comment on idiosyncracies of
- Koine/Classical Greek Comparison Jay Treat's relatively brief but useful account of
some of the major differences between Classical Attic Greek and
the Greek of the New Testament. In order to read the Greek, you
need to download the SPIonic Greek font and install it in your
system--but you'll find this font useful at many other sites
on the web also where Greek text is displayed.
- Koine Greek Documents
Resources This is Jenee Woodard's
rich page of resources associated with the liturgical calendar
of scripture readings; if you explore it a bit, you'll find that
there are useful resources for the reader of the Greek texts
of the passages in question.
- LXX Discussion List Home
page for an e-mail discussion group on the Septuagint, the Greek
version of the Old Testament.
- Little Greek - Fonts for NT Greek Jonathan Robie's listing, with a display of how each
looks, of fonts available for writing and reading Greek on various
computer systems. Some of these are free, others at various prices.
(version w/ comm.) "New English
Translation": this is a very interesting project; the site
has frames wherein one may read the translation of any particular
Biblical passage and link to hypertext references in other frames
giving more detailed information on original language problems
and brief commentary.
Living Translation Another new English
version; more a paraphrase than a "literal" or "dynamic
"New Observations on Ancient Greek Voice": PDF
version of my Nov. 19, 2002 expansive revision of my original
B-Greek message of May 27, 1997, "Observations on Ancient
Greek NT (Bremen) Westcott-Hort text
from 1881, combined with the NA26/27 variants; this is in the
Greek "symbol" font and is designed for reading in
a Windows 95 format.
- Original Bible Project One
of several brand-new English translation projects.
Theological Resources page An excellent
full listing of links to resources for scholarly study of the
Bible at Oxford University.
- Page One-Biblical Resources This
is the opening page of Torrey Seland's site in Norway (see the
link above); this page is strictly devoted to Biblical texts
- SBL website
or, if that doesn't work, try
this one at Scholars Press.
- UBS GNT Transliterated & Parsed The text of the United Bible Societies Greek New Testament
in a transliterated form with parsing of the words to assist
Last updated December 5, 2004